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Sights australia

5.1 Canberra

5.1.2 Lake Burley Griffin

The Lake Burley Griffin is named after Walter Burley Griffin and is in the middle of Canberra. The shoreline is 35km.

5.1.3 The Telstra Tower

The most people visit the tower for the view. It's a spectacular view, day and night. The Telstra Tower is the compass of the city. The tower rises 195 metres above the summit of Black Mountain, providing 360 degree views of Canberra and the countryside around it. The tower is more than a landmark and viewing gallery, however. It has a functional role in providing state-of-the-art telecommunications facilities for Canberra. In the lower level of the Tower\'s entrance foyer, the exhibition \"Making Connections\" traces the history of Australian telecommunications from the earliest days into the 21st century.

5.1.4 The War Memorial

The War Memorial is a building with a large collection of pictures and documentations about the war. It is international recognized. The building represents a lot of stories about Australians at war, in armed conflicts. More than 102.000 people died in the war.

5.1.5 The Government House

It is a location for many formal events, such as the presentation of the Order of Australia Awards.

5.1.6 The Parliament House

The 81 metre long flag mast of Parliament House has become the symbol of Canberra. The Parliament House marks the place where Australians law begin. It's a modern-looking structure with metal struts. There are the offices of the Australian Prime minister. It was designed by an Italian in 1988.

5.1.7 The Old Parliament House

Old Parliament House made headlines for more than sixty years as home to Australia\'s Federal Parliament from 1927 to 1988. Today the House is a museum with a changing and an exciting program tour and special events but you can besides go on a self tour. Visitors can look into Australian's fascinating past.

5.2 Sydney

5.2.1 Harbour Bridge

The Sydney harbour Bridge is one of Sydney's most famous landmarks. It was completed in 1932, the construction of the bridge was an engineering triumph. The Sydney Harbour Bridge took eight years to be built. The total cost of the bridge was 6.25 million Australian Dollars.

5.2.2 Bondi Beach

This beach is one of Australian's most famous beaches and among the world's most well-known beach. The beach is roughly one kilometre long.

5.2.3 The Rocks

The "Rocks" is one of the most visited parts of Sydney. It is often described as "Sydney's outdoor museum", because the "Rocks" is the oldest area of Sydney. There are cafes, restaurants and interesting tourist shops.

5.2.4 Opera House

The Sydney opera House was designed and constructed by Jorn Utzon. It took more than 16 years to complete it. It finally opened in October 1973. The opera House covers 1.8 hectars of land. It is 185 metres large and about 120 metres high. The Opera House has about 1000 rooms and has five theatres, five rehearsal studios, four restaurants, six bars and several souvenir shops.

5.2.5 Sydney Tower

The Sydney Tower is 305 metres high and its Sydney's tallest building. The Sydney Tower was officially opened on September 27th, 1981. Whatever it has been called before, the tower is now the officially called Sydney Tower.

5.3 Ayers Rock / Urulu

Ayers Rock was named by the Aborigine Urulu. This mountain is in the Australian desert. The multi-coloured mountain is wonderful to see. The circumference is 9.4km. It is oval-shaped, about 3.6 km long, 2 km wide and 345 metre tall. Uluru is notable for its quality of changing colour as the different light strikes it at different times of the day and year, with sunset a particularly remarkable sight. It is made of sandstone infused with minerals like feldspar (Arkosic sandstone) that cause it to give off a red glow at sunrise and sunset. The rock gets its rust colour from oxidation. At low places on the walls there are caves with Aboriginal paintings in them. Uluru was discovered in 1972 by Ernest Giles and named after an Australian premier, Sir Henry Ayers. The Australian government returned ownership of Uluru to the Aboriginal people in 1985.

5.4 Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef is located in the Coral Sea 15-160 km west of Australia. It is made up of smaller islands, reefs and shoals of coral. The Great Barrier Reef reaches southeast for over 2,000 km. There are more than 350 species of coral there, some of which have existed for millions of years. Between the Australian coast and the main reef is the Lagoon. The Lagoon is shallow and has many islands, some of which are the peaks of ancient mountains that have submerged over millions of years.



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