1. The Chicago Blues - Between 1911 and 1914 many people were interested in the publications of W.C. Handy - "Memphis Blues" (1912) and "St. Louis Blues" (1914) Situation after the Second World War: The Blacks packed their belongings and went towards the North The influence of these blacks brought Chicago a lot of capital Muddy Waters, a young slide guitarist, came from Mississippi to Chicago and the Chicago Blues was born. It's the thank to Muddy Waters, who create the blueprint of a modern, electric Blues-band without trumpets and saxophone Shortly afterwards there were everywere in Chicago bands like the band of Muddy Waters Now Chicago was famous for the Blues, but the competition between the performers was hard In the 50's a saying was coined: "The Blues had a baby and they named it Rock'n Roll" Suddenly Elvis Presley and Bill Haley were the word, later Soul-music The local scene needed urgent a transfusion of fresh blood In the west side of Chicago young performers were inspired of B.
B. Kings way to sing and play and set up a new style Blues in general: The lyrics are mostly autobiographicly and show personal features and experiences of the authors Other themes: unemployment, hunger, financial misery, homesickness, loneliness and unfaithfulness The Blues consists of three lines: The first is repeat, mostly sang in the same or similar melody. A tension is built by the performer. The third line is in most cases a reaction: an answer, a explanation or a reason. The Chicago Jazz In the second half of the 19th century there was a streetmusictradition in the South of the USA Already less fixed and so more "jazzy" Jelly Roll Morton, who maintained that he "invented the Jazz in year 1902", played in New Orleans. He was a fantastic composer of Blues, Blues-songs, Ragtimes and Stompes In the same way Nick LaRocca maintained to invent the Jazz, but that was also improbable A headpresenter of the early Jazz from New Orleans was Buddy Bolden.
In the 1920's a lot of black performers from New Orleans came to Chicago A cause was the night-life district of Chicago Storyville Some pupils and students of the white middle-class, who heard the New Orleans Jazz in the Soutside of Chicago, started to copy their black examples and developed their own style Jazz in general: The Jazz had the roots in the Blues, the Spirituals and Gospels and in different nationmusics Jazz is very spontaneous, vigorous and expressiv It has the " liberty to have many forms" The selfexpression of the performer, his character and his message are the focus of interrest A subordination: Free Jazz: Without any definition of bar Word comes from "Jézabel" -> Jazz-Belle and means the good Jazz "Jézabel" was a famous prostitute