Welcome to our presentation. We are going to tell you something about travelling. For example where you could stay, how to get there, about some popular cities and countries and even their sights. We will start with places where you can stay.
Where to stay
Before you go on holiday you have to think about where you would like to stay. There are many possibilities for staying. You can spend your holidays at a hotel, at a youth hostel, at a boarding house, but you can also rent a house or stay at a camp site.
First let's talk about
There are three different types of camping possibilities. Recreational Camping for people who want all the comforts of home, primitive camping facilities for those who enjoy closer contact with nature, and wilderness camping for those who love the adventure.
Now let's talk about
Staying at a hotel
is usually very expensive, but it's very comfortable.. You can book a single, a double or a family room at any travel agency or via internet. At a lot of hotels you can decide either to have full board or half board. Some hotels offer lots of free time activities and meals and drinks are included.
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Staying at a boarding house
It's a bit cheaper than staying at a hotel, but you only get bed and breakfast there. It's very popular in Great Britain, but also in Austria.
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Renting a house
Usually people rent a house when they stay for three weeks or more. If you don't mind cooking and cleaning in your holidays renting a house would be the right thing for you. It's very popular in Italy.
Now we will give you some information about
Staying at a youth hostel
Is a good possibility for teenagers, because it's quite cheap if you have a youth hostel card. Of course you must share the room with other people. In some countries, like in England, you have to do a little bit of cleaning in the morning. But you meet a lot of interesting people from all over the world.
Now we would like to give you some information about the different possibilities of travelling.
is the fastest, the most comfortable and the most economical means of transportation. Many people go on holiday by plane. Sometimes an airline ticket is cheaper than the train ticket. In New York and some other parts of the world the distances are so far that you take the plane to get from one town to another. In Europe and the USA airports usually are not far away from the place where you live.
Going by train is less comfortable and not as fast as a plane, so not so many people go on holiday by train than by plane. But sitting in the train is more comfortable than driving. There are special offers for young people and families. There are stations in nearly every town.
Travelling by car is more practical than going on holiday by train. You just have to go to your garage, open the boot of the car, put in all your luggage and drive off. Another advantage is that you still can use your car at the place where you spend your holidays.
is the cheapest way of travelling, but you need a lot of luck and nice people who give you a lift. Some young people who haven't got a car and not much money choose this way of travelling. It can be dangerous, especially for girls.
Going on holiday by bike is also a very cheap way of travelling and it's healthy. But if you ride your bike for a long time you will get tired and cycling in bad weather is not nice at all.
Now we will tell you some facts about some popular holiday places.
Let's start with
Holidays in Austria
Austria is an ideal place for a holiday. You can find everything you want. Why not try a new hobby, such as windsurfing, hiking, climbing, water-skiing or even summer glacier skiing! Austria is really a perfect place for a holiday , you really can find peace and quiet along the miles of marked footpaths in the mountains and along the lakes. You can make a lot of exciting and interesting excursions to Salzburg, Innsbruck, the Krimml Falls, the Grossglockner, Vienna and so on. The most people come to Austria to spend their winter holidays there. The Austrian mountains are ideal for skiing and snowboarding. But lots of tourists just go sightseeing. There are beautiful castles, churches and lots of museums everywhere in Austria. In Vienna, the capital of Austria you must see the Stephansdom, Schloss Schönbrunn, the Donauturm and the Prater.
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Holidays in the USA
The USA is a very interesting country. It is very big and there are lots of national parks. There are also nice places where you can go skiing and in other parts of the USA you can go swimming in the ocean or you can go sightseeing in the big cities.
We will tell you some facts about the most important cities of the USA. Let's start with New York.
New York is one of the most exciting cities in the world. It is often called \"the city that never sleeps.\" In fact, Times Square at midnight seems more active than most other cities at noon. New York has many tourist attractions like the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State building and over 300 museums. It is famous for its wide variety of entertainments of the Broadway theatres. There are over 30,000 restaurants in New York City plus a lot of bars and clubs. If you like big cities, the Big Apple is a great place to visit.
Another great place to visit is
There is a lot to see in Washington DC and most of it is free of charge. You can see the White House, the Supreme Court and many government agencies like the Bureau of Engraving and Printing that's the house where the USA print their money, and the Bureau of the FBI. You can visit some memorials. You can even spend several days touring the many parts of the Smithsonian Institute, one of the largest and finest collections of museums in the world. None of it will cost anything!
Now let's fly to
The Hawaiian Islands are located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean about 2.400 miles that are 4.000 kilometres southwest of California. You can go there only by airplane or boat. There are a lot of things you can do on the islands. You can swim, surf, snorkel, sail, fish, golf or just see the sights. The famous Hawaiian surf is the biggest and best in the world.
There are six bigger islands. Each island is special and there are volcanoes, tropical rain forests, beautiful beaches, pineapple plantations and historic sites. These tropical paradises attract about 7 million tourists each year, but most visitors only visit one or two of the islands.
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Las Vegas ?
Casinos and gambling are the main attractions in Las Vegas; but if you are not a gambler, you will still find plenty of entertainment in Las Vegas. Not far away, you can see a big glass pyramid, a multicoloured castle, a copy of New York skyline complete with the Statue of Liberty, a pirate bay, volcanoes, a model of the Eiffel Tower, miles of neon signs and billions of coloured lights. Besides gambling, the casinos offer spectacular shows, plenty of free entertainment, different restaurants and lots of shops. Naturally, the casinos hope you will spend some money during your visit. Las Vegas is also famous for getting married.
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Los Angeles is the largest city in California and the second largest city in the USA. It is located on the southern coast of California. Los Angeles is always in action. It's the capital of entertainment and everything has started in Hollywood. At the "Walk of fame" you can see the foot prints of a lot of movie stars. But you needn't watch the city and the sights, you can also go sunbathing or swimming to the beach.
Let's finish our trip through the USA in
San Francisco is on the coast of California about 400 miles north of Los Angeles. More than eight million tourists visit San Francisco every year. It's attractions range from Fisherman's Wharf to Ocean Beach, from the Golden Gate Bridge to the Golden Gate Park.
Very famous are the cable cars which still transport passengers up and down the city slopes.
Now we would like to talk about
Holidays in Italy
Going on holiday to Italy you can choose among staying at elegant working farms, unique historic residences, comfortable city apartments, seaside villas, or favourite hotels, but you also can go camping.
Italy is famous for its food, like pizza, spaghetti, lasagne and so on.
A lot of people go there for a summer holiday because it's nice and warm and there are a lot of beautiful beaches. Windsurfing and sailing are extremely popular and you also can rent boats.
Cycling is a great way to see the country, but you must be in a good condition because 75% of Italy is mountainous or hilly.
There are plenty of excellent ski resorts in the Italian Alps. There is year-round skiing on Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn.
If you go sightseeing to Italy you must see Rome. The most famous sights are the colosseum and the Vatican.
Another famous town is Florence, 2000 tourist buses arrive daily in the peak season. If you go there you must see the shop lined Ponte Vecchio.
Don't forget to visit Venice because it's unique. You only can go to the centre by boat. One of the most famous sights is the Piazza San Marco with its pigeons.
Now we will tell you some possibilities about spending
Holidays in Australia
Sydney is the largest and oldest city in Australia. Built around a natural harbour, it's one of the most beautiful cities in the world: There are lots of parks and from the many hills you have a marvellous view of the blue sea and the boats. "Let's go to the beach!" this is what most Australian families, living in Sydney, say to each other at least once a day during the summer holidays. Many families also own boats and often spend their weekends sailing. The most spectacular building in Sydney is the opera house, but there is also a concert hall, two theatres and a library.
Ayers Rock is called Uluru by the Aborigines who own the National Park. When you drive there, you will suddenly see the huge red rock rising from the ground. Uluru is about 350 metres high and it is possible to climb it. From the top there is a marvellous view. In the summer from December to February it is very hot and it's best to climb Uluru before
10.00 am or after 4.00 pm. Don't forget to bring water and to wear good shoes and a hat. For the Aborigines, Uluru is a holy place and the licking the toes is very important to them. That's why the owners of the place hope that tourists will not climb to the top.
Kakadu National Park
Kakadu National Park is in northern Australia, about two hours by car from Darwin. The park is 6,000 square kilometres and there are lots of things to see. There are huge crocodiles in the rivers, there are lots of different birds to watch, there are wonderful cave paintings, which may be more than 20 000 years old and there are waterfalls and pools to swim in. You may be lucky and see wonderful, multi-coloured parrots or the biggest cockatoo.
Aborigines make up about 1.5per cent of Australia's Population. They came to Australia about 40.000 years ago They lives in small family groups, hunting and trying to find things to eat. But they are alas very careful to protect nature. When they took some honey from a bee's nest, for example, or fruit from a tree, they never took all of it.
Everything chanced in 1788, when the British took all the land for the English Crown. When white men wanted the Aborigines' land, they drove them off it. Aborigines were often hunted and killed by the white men, and lots of their children were taken away and given to white families as servants. Aborigines often fell they had lost their culture and lots of them became alcoholics.
From 1970s on, a lot of money was spent to give the Aborigines a better education and better health care, and some of their land was given back. Now the Aborigines own the famous Ayers Rock and Kakadu National Park and the land around these. The situation has become better, but there are still many problems to be solved.
There is a lot we could learn from the Aborigines. They have always lived in harmony with nature and they have always had a rich culture. Nowadays, there are paintings by Aboriginal artists in museums in Australiea, North America and Europe.
The Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef is the largest system of coral reefs in the world. It stretches more than 3.000 kilometres through the tropical waters off the coast of Queensland. There are hundreds of tropical islands with beautiful soft sandy beaches.
The reefs are ideal for scuba diving, for snorkelling, and in some parts fishing is allowed. And if you want to keep your feet dry, you can watch the thousands of fish from a boat with a glass bottom. You can go to many reefs on day trips from towns on the coast, or you can spend a few days on one of the beautiful islands.
Would anybody like to go on
Holidays to Paris
If the walls of the Cathedral Notre-Dame would be able to speak they would tell the history of France. No other town is more admired than Paris. It's the most beautiful town of the world that's clear for the French people. Paris has a lot of sights like the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre, Sacré-Coeur, the Arch the Triumph, the Opera houses, the Champs-Elysées, etc.
Even at night, Paris is a metropolis. Everybody knows the nightclubs like Moulin Rouge, Lido, Crazy Horse or Paradise Latin. A popular writer in the 18th century said, "Paris isn't a town it's an addiction."
The Champs-Elysées is the most famous avenue in the world. It's two kilometres long and 70 metres wide. It's a marvellous place for walking. You can watch the perspective from the Arch of Triumph to the Concorde Square.
The Eiffel Tower:
is the emblem of Paris. It is one of the most famous buildings in the world. It's construction began in 1887 with the engineer Gustav Eiffel. The tower is 310 metres high and weighs 7000 tons. It was the world's tallest building until 1930.
At last we would like to talk about
Holidays in London
Queen of the sea, capital of the world, that was London yesterday. Today London is still a metropolis, with lots of famous sights like the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, Westminster Abbey, St. Paul's Cathedral, Buckingham Palace, the Tower of London, the Tower Bridge, Madame Tussaud's, Hyde Park and many more. At night you must go to the Piccadilly Circus. There are lots of theatres, cinemas and night clubs. Almost every musical was premiered in London. There are also big shopping streets like Oxford-, Carnaby-, and Regents Street. If you want the see all of the big shop called "Harrods" you would need days.
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the Big Ben:
It's the emblem of London. The world's famous clock weighs 13 tons and is situated in a 97 metres high tower with 334 steps. It strikes punctually every hour. Big Ben is officially known as St. Stephen's tower.
The Tower Bridge
is the most famous bridge of Europe. No tour of London is complete without a trip to the world's famous attraction, the Tower Bridge. If a big boat wants to pass, the bridge can be opened in the middle in only 90 seconds. It's built in the Victorian style. There are two towers from where you have a good view. Inside is a museum.
The Tower of London:
is near the Tower Bridge. You can see the buildings of the Tower from the river.
The Tower is old, and it has a long and cruel history. First it was a castle, but later it became a prison. Some people say, that the ghosts of famous men and women walk in the Tower of London. Nowadays you can see the Crown Jewels and a collection of arms in the Tower. It is an interesting place with Beefeaters. The "Beefeaters" are soldiers, who guard the Tower and the Crown Jewels, and they help visitors.
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The Houses of Parliament:
Officially this building is called the "Palace of Westminster", but known throughout the world as the Houses of Parliament. It's the seat of the English parliament, which consists of the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
Speakers' Corner (in Hyde Park)
Hyde Park is the biggest park in London. On Sunday mornings you can see hundreds of Londoners and tourists there standing around the circles. If you go nearer you will find that they are listening to people standing on platforms, making speeches. Everyone, even you or me, could make a speech there and we could talk about anything we like, for example about travelling.
We will soon have holidays. So we hope that we could give you some tips where to go, how to travel an what to do. Thanks for listening and we would be glad if you liked our presentation.